Ultra Mega Power Projects in India - what are they?

Last Modified: Sun Jun 24 2018 06:18:17 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 2005
    year in which the program of Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) was introduced by the Ministry of Power in association with the Central Electricity Authority and the Power Finance Corporation to overcome bureaucratic obstacles hindering the development of large thermal plants and thereby address India's chronic power deficits.
  • 2
    stages are involved in the implementation of a UMPP project.
  • #1
    In the first stage the Power Finance Corporation (PFC) creates a shell company called a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) to secure clearances, acquire land and water, and obtain commitments for coal.
  • #2
    Once first stage is completed, private companies are given a chance to acquire the shell company under a process of competitive bidding. The bidder guaranteeing to sell power at the lowest levelized tariff is selected.
  • 5
    key distinguishing features of UMPPs are:
  • #1
    Use of supercritical technology for higher fuel efficiency and lower greenhouse gas emissions.
  • #2
    Allocation of power among multiple states (typically state-owned electric utilities)
  • #3
    Dedicated captive coal blocks (rather than coal linkages) for projects located in the interior.
  • #4
    Imported coal for coastal projects.
  • #5
    Massive scale - typically 4000 MW.
  • 18
    total number of UMPPs envisaged. Click/Tap here to view the status of these projects.
  • 4
    UMPPs awarded to date: 3 have been awarded to Reliance Power and 1 to Tata Power. Click/Tap to view the names of these projects.
  • 2
    of the 4 awarded are operational: Sasan UMPP in Madhya Pradesh operated by Reliance Power and Mundra UMPP in Gujarat operated by Tata Power.