Espresso: Espresso as a standalone coffee is served everywhere. It contains literally the basic essence. Coffee and water. No strings attached.
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso in a 90ml cup.
Doppio: Doppio in Italian literally means ‘double.’ It is a double shot of Espresso coffee.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso in a 90ml cup.
Macchiato: Macchiato in Italian means ‘stained.’ This is because a serving of Macchiato is a normal Espresso shot with a little-foamed milk on the top.
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso + Foamed milk on top in a 90ml cup.
Cappuccino: Everyone’s favourite and the most well-known and standard coffee drink, cappuccino contains more milk-to-coffee ratio.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 60ml steamed milk + 60ml foamed milk (in that order) in a 200ml cup.
Flat White: A slight variation of the more generalised Cappucino, a Flat White is a no-nonsense Cappuccino with double the amount of milk as compared to coffee.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml steamed milk in a 200ml cup.
Café au Lait: Café au Lait literally means ‘coffee with milk.’ It is a French press coffee preparation with equal amounts coffee brew and scalded milk. Scalded milk is milk that is heated to 82° C to kill off bacteria and remove many proteins.
Ideal serving: 90ml French press coffee + 90ml scalded milk in a 200ml cup.
Turkish: The Turkish like their coffee light and sweet. Hence, a majority of this coffee is sugar water.
Ideal serving: 10g (or 2 tsp.) ground coffee + 180ml sugar water + köpük (foam) (in that order) in a 200ml cup.
Irish: The Irish sure know to stir things up and making literally any dish or drink interesting. Ever heard whiskey in coffee? Yep! This is the one.
Ideal serving: 5g (or 1 tsp.) brown sugar + 120ml French press coffee + 60ml Irish whiskey + 75ml heavy cream (in that order) in a 250ml glass.
Americano: Those who say they like their coffee black talk about Café Americano. If you might have seen in Western media, Americans like to drink their coffee straight out of the pot.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot water in a 200ml cup.
Long Black: In essence, Long Black and Café Americano are the same thing, but it makes a world of difference to coffee connoisseurs.
Ideal serving: 120ml hot water + 60ml Espresso (yes, in that order) in a 200ml cup.
Vienna Mocha: Or simply known as Vienna Coffee, this coffee is a fun-loving twist to your regular Espresso shot. What’s the twist, you ask? WHIPPED CREAM!
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + Whipped cream on the top in a 150ml cup.
Latte: Caffé Latte can be seen as the more mainstream brother of Café au Lait. The name literally means, yes, you guessed it right, ‘milk coffee.’
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 180-300ml steamed milk
Frappé: One of the fanciest coffee drinks out there, and the one that contains the least amount of coffee in comparison to other items. This Starbucks favourite has to be served cold to be enjoyed.
Ideal serving: 10g (or 2 tsp.) instant coffee + 15ml sugar water + 90ml cold water with 3-5 ice cubes + 90ml coffee foam (in that order) in a 250ml glass.
Mocha: Ah, coffee and chocolate! The holy grail of all beverages. Nothing can go wrong with Mocha, nothing!
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot chocolate + Whipped cream on the top in a 250ml cup.
Borgia: There’s really not much difference in between Mocha and Borgia. What does set them apart, is what goes in the whipped cream on the top.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot chocolate + Whipped cream on the top, sprinkled with cinnamon and orange peel in a 250ml cup.