Australians die each year on account of air pollution, almost three times the annual road toll, and costs the nation more than $24 billion in health care costs each year.
The increase in air pollution in one year, measured as rise in PM10, a coarse pollution particle about the width of a human hair. Nationally, total PM10 emissions have increased 194 per cent in five years.
of the total health impacts of air pollution are on account of particular pollution in general, according to Dr James Whelan - researcher at Environmental Justice Australia. He further said reducing particle pollution is critical to avoiding a public health crisis in mining areas.
increase in PM10 reported by coal companies in the past 5 years. To be fair, PM10 emissions from the coal industry have fallen 8 per cent in 2014-15 to just under 400,000 tonnes.
of Newcastle's PM10 emissions (295,000 kilograms this year) are from its three coal terminals.
increase in PM10 emissions in 2014-15 from Maules Creek coal mine.
increase in PM10 in one year at Mackay's two coal terminals and 254 per cent over five years.
of Australia's most polluting coal mines are located in the Bowen Basin and the Hunter Valley.