Why is Maharashtra's water situation in such a mess?

Last Modified: Wed Apr 27 2016 01:30:03 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 75%
    of farmland in Maharashtra is un-irrigated and dependent on rain.
  • 79%
    of the state's farmers are small or marginal and eke out a living on parcels of two hectares or less.
  • 7th
    on the list of sugar productivity, even though the state is the country’s second-highest sugarcane grower (66.35 tonnes per hectare in 2012/13 compared with 105 tonnes per hectare in West Bengal).
  • 10th
    Maharashtra is at the bottom of the productivity list among 10 cotton-growing states (368.80 kg/ha in 2013/14 compared with 758.08 kg/ha in Gujarat). Both cotton and sugarcane are very water-intensive and being low on the productivity list for both crops means the state makes extremely insufficient use of its water resources.