Why decentralised solid waste management in Delhi is an imperative

Last Modified: Sat Sep 10 2016 20:46:10 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 8,360 tonnes
    of municipal solid waste generated in Delhi on a daily basis, according to Delhi government’s Department of Environment.
  • 5
    local governments manage the waste generated in Delhi - East Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation, North Delhi Municipal Corporation, Cantonment Board and New Delhi Municipal Council.
  • 3
    landfill sites in Bhalswa, Okhla and Ghazipur shared amongst the 5 municipal corporations. These landfills have run out of their capacity since long but continue to be operational due to unavailability of land for new landfills.
  • 500 gms/day
    estimated per capita generation of municipal solid waste in Delhi most of this waste is bio-degradable or recyclable but is not due to lack of processing and treatment facilities and resources.
  • 2016
    The Solid Waste Management Rules released by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change are a step in promoting decentralised solid waste management (SWM) which puts the onus of waste management on the generator of the waste by at the source rather than solely on the municipal corporations.
  • 3
    key outcomes of a decentralised SWM approach with focus on segregation at source will lead to reduction in the cost incurred in collection, transportation and processing of waste as well as less waste reaching landfill.
  • 50%
    of the waste is typically wet waste and is fit for composting and can be facilitated by involvement of local rag-pickers or in house cleaning agencies. Post compost output can be used as manure or mulch.
  • 30%
    of waste is typically dry waste and can be recycled through involvement of recyclers, rag-pickers and govt. agencies.
  • 20%
    of the balance waste, after effective segregation at source, in transit and during disposal, is all that needs to be sent to the landfill.