Loss of water bodies, crop and forest land due to urbanization: National Capital Region

Last Modified: Sat Oct 28 2017 14:46:02 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 40%
    Decrease in area covered by water bodies in the National Capital Region (NCR) as a result of rapid urbanisation between 1972 and 2014, according to a study conducted by the Centre for Atmospheric Sciences at IIT Delhi.
  • 17x
    Rise in urban built-up areas during the same period.
  • 3 to 5 degree
    Increase in land surface temperature at certain places due to the complete transformation into an urban environment.
  • 2 to 4 degrees
    Increase in air temperature during this period.
  • 136 sq km
    Area of all water bodies combined in 2014, down from 221 sq km in 1972 (down by 39%).
  • 1037 sq km
    Area under mixed forests in 2014, down from 1913 sq km in 1972 (down by 44%).
  • 1650 sq km
    Area under barren/sparse vegetation in 2014, down from 5074 sq km in 1972 (67%).
  • 2181 sq km
    Area covered by urban buildings and land in 2014, up from 126 sq km in 1972 (1600%)