Decrease in area covered by water bodies in the National Capital Region (NCR) as a result of rapid urbanisation between 1972 and 2014, according to a study conducted by the Centre for Atmospheric Sciences at IIT Delhi.
Rise in urban built-up areas during the same period.
3 to 5 degree
Increase in land surface temperature at certain places due to the complete transformation into an urban environment.
2 to 4 degrees
Increase in air temperature during this period.
136 sq km
Area of all water bodies combined in 2014, down from 221 sq km in 1972 (down by 39%).
1037 sq km
Area under mixed forests in 2014, down from 1913 sq km in 1972 (down by 44%).
1650 sq km
Area under barren/sparse vegetation in 2014, down from 5074 sq km in 1972 (67%).
2181 sq km
Area covered by urban buildings and land in 2014, up from 126 sq km in 1972 (1600%)