Aluminium recycling in India

Last Modified: Sat May 09 2020 06:05:19 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 3.3 million tonnes
    India’s aluminium consumption per year.
  • 1.1 million tonnes
    Annual demand for secondary (recycled) aluminium, accounting for nearly 30% of total consumption. By 2021, demand is expected to reach 1.5 million tonnes.
  • 90%
    of secondary aluminium consumed was imported even though a significant amount of scrap is generated in the country.
  • 120,000 tonnes
    Aluminium scrap was generated in India in 2016, with the automotive and power segments together accounting for 75% of the total.
  • 5,000
    Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) represent bulk of the units involved in recycling. In addition, scrap collection is largely unorganised coupled with insufficient awareness, leading to a major proportion of scrap going to landfill rather than recycling. 40% of the industry is based in the state of Gujarat.
  • 150,000
    Estimated number of people employed in the MSME aluminium recycling sector, 30% of these being women.- Kishore Rajpurohit, the past president of All India Non Ferrous Metal Exim Association.
  • 25%
    Current recycling rate, while the world average is 45%. The country has a long way to go before it can become a major aluminium recycler and feed the secondary metal market which is dependent on imports.
  • 5%
    Energy required to produce aluminium from scrap as compared to production of primary metal from alumina, a derivative of bauxite. Energy also constitutes 40% of the production cost of primary aluminium with coal accounting for another 40%.
  • 800,000 tonnes
    of bauxite reserves that India will be able to save each year if it increases ability to recycle from 25% to 45%.
  • 20%
    Market share held by Century Metal Recycling, the largest in the country.