Germany's plan and journey to phase out coal based power

Last Modified: Thu Sep 10 2020 07:50:29 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
  • 2038
    Year by when all coal based power plants will cease to operate in the country. This was announced by Ronald Pofalla, chairman of a 28-member government commission, at a news conference in Berlin on 26 Jan 2019.
  • 84
    of the remaining operational coal based power plants will be shut down in a phased manner in order for the country to meet its international commitments in the fight against climate change.
  • 65% - 80%
    of power will have to come from renewable energy sources by 2040.
  • 20,000
    According to government data number of people that are working in Germany’s lignite (brown) coal industry, with about 15,000 in the mining industry, and with about 5,000 employed at lignite-fueled power plants. By comparison, the country has more than 250,000 workers in renewable energy sectors.
  • $45 billion
    Spending that would be required to mitigate the pain in coal regions. The commission’s recommendations are expected to be adopted by Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government.
  • 2022
    24 plants expected to be shut down by this year, with a combined generation capacity of 12.5 GW.
  • 2030
    Only about 8 plants with a combined generation capacity of 17 GW are expected to be operational.
  • 66%
    Percentage of lignite workers retiring by 2030, which means coal companies have a great opportunity to provide remaining workers with a just transition.
  • 17 Jan 2020
    The federal government strikes a deal with the country’s coal-producing regions to phase out hard coal by 2035, 3 years ahead of schedule. Under the agreement, federal government will pour €40 billion to support economic restructuring in mining regions - North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg- and €4.35 billion to compensate power producers for lost revenues.
  • 03 Jul 2020
    Germany passes legislation to end coal-fired power generation by 2038 at the latest and agrees on a shutdown schedule for individual lignite power plants as well as compensation payments for operators. For hard coal, meanwhile, the coal exit law foresees auctions for plant operators to take capacity off the grid according to the government's timetable.
  • 04 Aug 2020
    Germany’s Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) announces the launch of tenders aimed at reducing coal-based electricity generation in hard coal and small-scale lignite plants in accordance with the country’s coal phase-out act. Bidding for a total of 4 gigawatts of capacity is set to commence on 01 Sep 2020. "The tenders create an incentive to quickly remove the most climate-damaging hard coal power plants,” said BNetzA head Jochen Homann. “At the same time, security of supply remains guaranteed.” The tenders will be carried out between 2020 and 2027, as stipulated by the law.